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Guide to Farming in NY

This Guide is updated annually to provide answers to questions about taxes, business planning, labor law, zoning, regulations, marketing and many other topics that farmers need to know.

You can view the Guide 3 different ways:

1. Download the entire Guide to Farming in NY (PDF)
2. Browse in an Online Reader, or
3. Click on individual fact sheets below.

Explore How to Use this Guide here (PDF)

Getting Started

#1 Finding a Farm to Buy or Lease – revised 12/13/16
#2 Climate & Soil Considerations – revised 12/13/16
#3 Infrastructure Considerations – revised 12/13/16
#4 Financing a Farm Operation – revised 12/13/16
#5 Farm Risk Management – revised 12/13/16
#6 Farm Insurance – revised 12/13/16
#7 Farm Vehicles  – revised 12/13/16
#8 Zoning Regulations & Farming – revised 12/13/16
#9 Legal Aspects of Rural Living – revised 12/13/16
#10 Environmental Regulations – revised 12/13/16
#11 Forest Land Resources – revised 6/8/12

Business Considerations

#12 Business Plans – revised 12/13/16
#13 Business Structures – revised 12/13/16
#14 Making Money – revised 12/13/16
#15 Record Keeping – revised 12/13/16
#16 Income Taxes – revised 12/13/16
#17 Sales Tax Exemptions/Refunds – revised 12/13/16
#18 Labor Laws – revised 12/13/16
#19 Payroll and Worker Documentation – revised 12/13/16
#20 Agricultural District Law Provisions – revised 12/13/16
#21 Ag Value Assessment for Farmland – revised 12/13/16
#22 Property Tax Exclusions for Buildings – revised 12/13/16

Marketing Considerations

#23 Assessing Your Market Potential – revised 12/13/16
#24 Pricing Farm Products – revised 12/13/16
#25 Finding Price Information – revised 12/13/16
#26 Direct Marketing Options – revised 12/13/16
#27 Marketing Regulations – revised 12/13/16
#28 Becoming a Small Scale Food Processor – revised 12/13/16
#29 Collecting Sales Tax on Farm Product Sales – revised 6/25/12
#30 Organic Certification– 6/26/12

Resources

#31 Grant Opportunities for Farmers – revised 12/13/16
#32 Opportunities for Veterans in Farming – revised 12/13/16
#33 Agricultural Agencies and Organizations – revised 12/13/16
#34 Information Sources for Getting Started – revised 12/13/16

 

 

Not Farming in NY?

Much of the information in the Guide to Farming in NY is applicable no matter where you live. But if you are seeking specific tax, legal, and regulatory information and you live outside of NY, check with your state Department of Agriculture, or download the following publications to find information for these states: